The PoE Power behind PDK | Vigitron
PDK offers several access door controllers that are powered by PoE (Power over Ethernet). PoE has many advantages simplifying installation by providing both power and data over a single cable. PoE power can be provided from remote locations eliminating the need to provide local power.
What is PoE? Power over Ethernet
However, the use of PoE involves several considerations which are not required when direct power is used. The ability to operate using PoE/IP connections is governed by standards set by IEEE ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). The standards not only set speciﬁc PoE source and connected device power levels known as Class but also deﬁne the operational standards over 328 feet of Cat cable. These deﬁnitions also are part of the safety built into the standard to provide damage to connected devices.
Over years IEEE has updated these standards to meet the needs of IP/PoE for increased power.
PoE Classes deﬁne power ranges while the types deﬁne how power is delivered based on the number of wire pairs required. There are 8 PoE power classes and 4 different types.
PoE application can be confusing. Throughout its history, the need for increased power occurred quicker than the ability of IEEE to respond. The result was product manufacturers taking matters into their own hands. This occurred twice. First when PoE source power needs to be increased from 802.3af at 15.4W source to 802.3at with a 30W source.
The second occurred when product manufacturers required more than a 30W source. This was a more complex process due to the power handling limitations of Cat wiring which is the transmission method for the standard. While waiting manufacturers started using a PoE source which became to be known as UPoE.
The standard developed by IEEE is known as 802.3bt. The problem is the method it uses to transmit PoE from a source and be received by a connected device is very different and INCOMPATIBLE with UPoE. The result is PoE sources that require UPoE sources are not compatible with those that require 802.3bt. This leads to confusion.
Each one of these requires an 802.3bt source along with different source power requirements.
PDK products have additional built-in safety features.
When ﬁrst powering up, the PDK controller will request the amount of power based on the power detected by the source. This amount of power cannot be exceeded and will only operate to the limit of the provided. This gives the ability of PDK RED Controllers to operate over a wide range of installations without potential damage to the controller or connected devices.
Who is Vigitron and Why is PDK Partnering with them?
Vigitron is a 27-year-old San Diego, California-based company. Headquartered in its own 12,000 sq foot building.
Prior to the introduction of its IP/PoE Division, Vigitron led in the development of long-distance Video, Data, and Power over Twisted Pairs cable. Its IP/PoE group started 12 years ago.
Today Vigitron has 5 operating engineering divisions. OEM products are provided as modules used in many of the leading security manufacturer products.
PDK’s relationship with Vigitron came during the development of their RED product line. The companies worked together resulting in the most reliable cost-effective solutions covering a wide range of applications.
Vigitron – Overcoming Limitations
IEEE PoE was developed limited to a single type of cable, CAT cable which today can apply to Cat 5e, Cat 5, Cat 6a. It was developed to only operate over a speciﬁc distance, 328 feet, (100m).
Vigitron solutions provide 801.3bt solutions for the various types of cabling found in security applications. They are CAT or UTP, Coax, and Fiber.
In addition to PoE power sources, Vigitron can be found in Network switches and Midspans. Vigitron also provides a complete line of extenders eliminating the distance limitations.
Most important Vigitron maintains a Design Center staff of engineers who work with PDK in providing reliable and cost-effective bills of materials reducing the potential for costly ﬁeld service calls. The service is provided free without obligation. Contact Vigitron Technical Services at support@Vigitron.com
7810 Trade Street, Suite 100, San Diego, CA 92121